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Outlaw King: What Language Did Robert The Bruce Speak?

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The new Netflix Movie Outlaw King tells the story of Robert the Bruce, the warrior king of Scotland who drove out the English and ensured the nation's continued freedom for some 400 years to come. In this one I'd like to look at which languages were spoken in Medieval Scotland, and which, if any, of these Robert the Bruce would have spoken in the late 13th, early 14th Century.

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Chanson de Dermot et du Comte/The Song of Dermot and the Earl:
(Lines 3129 - 3161 Translated into English by Elizabeth Hickley.)

Anglo-Norman Text:

De Huge de Laci vus conterai,
Cum il feffa ses baruns,
chevalers, serjans e garsunz.
Chastelknoc tut premer donat
A Huge Tyrel, k'il tant amat;
E Chastel Brec, solum l'escrit,
A barun Willame le petit,
Macherueran altresi
E la tere de Rathkenni.
Le cantref pus de Hadhnorkur
A Meiler, qui ert de grant valur,
Donad Huge de Laci
Al bon Meiler le fiz Henri.
A Gilibert de Nangle enfin
Donad tut Makerigalin;
A Jocelin donat le Novan
E la tere de Ardbrechan:
Li un ert fiz, li altre pere,
Solum le dit de la mere.
A Richard Tuit ensement
Donad riche feffement;
Ratwor donat altresi
Al barun Robert de Lacy;
A Richard de la Chapele
Tere donad bone e bele;
A Geffrei de Constantyn Kelberi
A memes de Ratheimarthi;
E Scrin ad pus en chartre,
Adam de Feipo l'ad pus doné;
A Gilibert de Nungent,
A Willame de Muset ensement
Donat teres e honurs,
Veant baruns e vassaurs;

Modern English Translation:

Of Hugh de Lacy I shall tell you
How he enfeoffed his barons,
Knights, serjeants and retainers.
Castleknock, in the first place, he gave
To Hugh Tyrell, whom he loved so much;
And Castle Brack according to the writing,
To baron William le Petit,
Magherdernon likewise
And the land of Rathkenny,
The cantred of Ardnorcher then
To Meiller, who was of great worth,
Gave Hugh de Lacy-
To the good Meiler Fitz Henry;
To Gilbert de Nangle, moreover
He gave the whole of Morgallion;
To Jocelin he gave the Naven,
And the lands of Ardbrackan,
(The one was son the other father,
According to the statement of the mother)
To Richard de Tuite likewise
He gave rich fief;
Rathwire he gave moreover
To the baron Robert de Lacy.
To Richard de la Chapell
He gave good and fine land,
To Geoffrey de Constantine Kilbixi
Near to Rathconarty;
And Skryne he gave by charter;
To Adam de Feypo he gave it;
To Gilbert de Nugent,
And likewise to William de Musset,
He gave lands and honours,
In the presence of barons and vavasours."

What Language did the Picts Speak?

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Music Used:
Celtic Impulse - Kevin MacLeod
Errigal - Kevin MacLeod
Skye Cuilin - Kevin MacLeod
Rites - Kevin MacLeod
Achaidh Cheide - Kevin MacLeod
Lost Frontier - Kevin MacLeod
Angevin B - Kevin MacLeod
Pippin the Hunchback - Kevin MacLeod
Village Consort - Kevin MacLeod
Master of the Feast - Kevin MacLeod
Stealth Groover - Kevin MacLeod
Þonne Hēo Besīehþ on Mīnum Ēagan - Cefin Beorn
"Feral Dub” - Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0 License

Send me an email if you'd be interested in doing a collaboration! historywithhilbert@gmail.com

#OutlawKing #Netflix #RobertTheBruce

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Tags: Outlaw

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